How To Start An Organic Garden Patch
Organic gardening simply means growing plants without any type of commercial chemical product. It’s a way of growing food that is safe to eat right off the vine, homegrown goodness as it was meant to be.
Starting an organic garden patch is easy too when you know a few how-tos. Read on to discover some tips and tricks for getting your organic garden off to the right start.
Choose a Sunny Location
Most garden plants and flowers require at least 6 hours of direct sun each day, more would be even better. Choose a location for your garden patch that is in a full sun location.
Select a level location to prevent soil erosion and water run-off, and keep the garden patch away from trees and shrubs that will compete with plants for nutrients.
Prepare the Soil
Soil feeds the plants, so it must be fertile and loose for plant roots to grow deep and access moisture and nutrients.
In early spring, turn the soil to 12-18 inches deep with a turning fork or roto-tiller. Add 4 inches of compost and lightly work it into soil. Sprinkle 1 cup of Epsom salt over every 5 feet square section of prepare soil and water well. Compost feeds the soil and Epsom salt is a natural ingredient that promotes roots growth.
Allow prepared soil to rest for 3-5 days before planting.
Planting Your Organic Garden Patch
Wait until all danger of frost has passed in the spring to plant your seeds or plants. Follow packet or plant instructions for planting depth and spacing. Water through after planting.
Companion planting will help your organic garden produce better and act as a natural pest control. Companion planting is placing certain plants near each other for mutual benefits.
Oregano planted near tomatoes enhance tomatoes flavour, onions, chives, parsley, asparagus, carrots, and nasturtiums are also good companion plants for tomatoes and each other.
Carrots repel moths that like to feed on chives, lettuce, peas, and tomatoes. As a root vegetable, carrots also help keep the soil from compacting so moisture can be better absorbed by its companions.
Every plant has a companion, a little research will show you what plants should be near each other.
Mulch, Mulch, Mulch
When plants are 6 inches tall it’s time to add a layer of organic mulch. Mulch prevents weed growth, helps soil retain moisture, repels creeping and crawling pests, and decomposes to improve soil fertility and structure.
Use wood chips, hay, compost or other organic material around plants, and replenish it in mid-summer.